Illustrations based on Thomas Vaughan’s Lumen de Lumine: A New Magical Light (1651), from an unidentified and undated German book.
The Nautilus, designed by American inventor Robert Fulton in 1800, is considered the world’s first practical submarine. With a retractable sail and hand-cranked propeller, it could dive to a depth of 25 feet and move about as fast as a rowboat. This is his 1806 plan for the second Nautilus, which was never built.
Last night I dreamed I was wandering through gloomy underground tunnels with Captain Nemo (who was played by Benedict Cumberbatch). He showed me an early prototype of the submarine Nautilus that he had narrowly escaped after it was crushed by a draw-bridge.
(The Nautilus by Kevin O’Neill, for Alan Moore’s The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, 1999)
Miniature painting of Queen Elizabeth I in the guise of Paris judging the goddesses of marriage, love, and war, by Isaac Oliver, c. 1580
The spinning vortex of Saturn’s north polar storm resembles a deep red rose of giant proportions surrounded by green foliage in this false-color image from NASA’s Cassini spacecraft. Measurements have sized the eye at a staggering 1,250 miles (2,000 kilometers) across with cloud speeds as fast as 330 miles per hour (150 meters per second).
This image is among the first sunlit views of Saturn’s north pole captured by Cassini’s imaging cameras. When the spacecraft arrived in the Saturnian system in 2004, it was northern winter and the north pole was in darkness.
Giovanni Paolo Panini - Fête musicale donnée par le cardinal de La Rochefoucauld au théâtre Argentina de Rome en 1747 à l’occasion du mariage du Dauphin, fils de Louis XV (1747)
Body of a Courtesan in 9 stages of Decomposition by Kobayashi Eitaku, c. 1870
Mezek by André Juillard
Subject to an arms embargo in 1948, the nascent state of Israel was forced to buy German designed Messerschmitt BF-109s from Czechoslovakia. The Israeli air force painted the Star of David on the Luftwaffe designed aircraft (Nicknamed “mezek” or mule), and flew them against Egyptian-piloted Spitfires in a bizarre reprise of the battle of Britain.