This weekend I saw a complete 1603 edition of Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by Abraham Ortelius in the Connecting Seas exhibit at the Getty Museum. I never thought I’d see one in person. The editions after 1589 contain this lovely map of the Pacific Ocean, including an imaginary continent of Terra Australis (Australia was not seen by Europeans until 1606).
The Western Hemisphere, by John Cary, 1799
This map shows the explorations of Captain Cook to Hawaii (or Sandwich Isles), and the borders of the United States prior to the Louisiana Purchase, leading only to the Mississippi River. It rather optimistically shows Alaska and California (or New Albion) as territories belonging to the United Kingdom.
A New Map of South America From The Latest Authorities, by John Cary, Engraver: 1807
Three details from Nouvelle Carte De La Sphere Pour Faire Connaître Les Divers Mouvemens Des Planetes by Henri Chatelain, c. 1720
A penguin as Atlas bearing the weight of the world on his flippers, from The Penguin Atlas, 1956
Maps of West Africa, Egypt, and Arabia, from Atlas de Cartes Marines by Abraham Cresques, 1375
Part of a zodiac from Atlas de Cartes Marines (also known as the Catalan Atlas) by Abraham Cresques, 1375
Finally, by the publication of the 1975 Westermann Schulatlas, the border adjustment with Poland is fully recognized, and the solid and dashed lines are reversed.
It turns out that West Germany did not legally recognize the Oder–Neisse line with Poland until 1970.